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Offline pp1972

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O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« on: April 19, 2012, 02:00:34 PM »


Preuzeto sa fame.from.h

"Austrijski Lloyd Trst" je osnovao 1833. godine Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Bruck (1798-1860) prma britanskom Lloydu. Već je 1836. godine tvrtka osnovala odjel za parobrodsku plovidbu uz raniji odjel za pomorsko-trgovačka izvješća. Stoga se 1836. godina smatra godinom osnivanja brodarskog društva.
Godine 1842. austrijski je car Ferdinand I. (1793.-1875., caruje 1835.-1848.) dozvolio brodovima ove tvrtke vijanje poštanske zastave uz privilegiju njezinim časnicima i mornarima da nose austrijske odore.
"Prvo dunavsko parobrodarsko društvo" predalo je 1844. godine "Austrijskom Lloydu" linije za Carigrad i Smirnu. Austrijski je Lloyd bio zadužen i za poštanski promer između Engleske i Indije, preko Trsta i Aleksandrije. Godine 1849. tvrtka je uvela u pormet svoj zastavni brod "Vorwärts", čije ime ("Naprijed") je postalo i njezin moto.
Otvaranjem Sueskog kanala 1869. godine, tvrtka uvodi linije za Bombay (1869), Colombo (1879), Singapur i Hong-Kong (1880). Do 1886. godine tvrtka ima 86 brodova u službi. Do 1881. tvrtka je imala subvenciju i privilegiju kabotažne plovidbe. Poslovala je 1972-1891 pod nazivom Austro-ugarski Llyod.
Poznata i kao "Austrian lines" počinje s ponudom krstarenja od 1907. godine i prebacuje sjedište iz Trsta u Beč. Posljednja važna novost bila je 1912. godine linija za Shangai koja je ukinuta 1918. godine. Nakon rata predana Italiji i poslovala kao Lloyd Triestino.
Između dva svjetska rata Austrija nije imala prekooceansku kompaniju. Austrijski je Lloyd ponovo osnova pod imenom "Oesterreichischer Lloyd Ship Management" 1951. godine. Prvi brod u cjelovitom vlasništvu MS Arlberg porinut je 1978. godnie. Tvrtka danas ima urede u Austriji, Njemačkoj, Grčkoj, Libanonu te na Cirpu i Malti.
Zastava tvrtke "Österreichischer Lloyd Ship Management" je plava sa znakom u sredini. Znak se sastoji od sidra okrunjenog carskom krunom, monograma 'LA' i vrpce ispod njega. Stare razglednice koje promoviraju krstarenja prikazuju da je sličnu zastavu već koristio i "Austrijski Lloyd".
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:09:21 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #1 on: April 19, 2012, 02:30:14 PM »


Preuzeto sa LEKSIKOGRAFSKI ZAVOD MIROSLAV KRLEŽA 2008.

Austrijski Lloyd, Društvo za pomorsku plovidbu
(tal. Società di Navigazione a Vapore del Lloyd Austriaco; njem. Dampfschiffahrts-Gesellschaft des Österreichischen Lloyd), austr. brodarsko poduzeće, utemeljeno 1835., sa sjedištem u Trstu. Ime mu izvorno potječe od osiguravateljskoga društva, osnovanoga 1833., također u Trstu, koje je trgovcima, osiguravateljima i brodarima pružalo informacije o tržištima i pom. trgovini u Europi i Aziji. Te je vijesti društvo dobivalo od dopisnika i od kapetana na određenim rutama, a da bi se prikupljanje i prijenos informacija olakšali, na godišnjoj je skupštini u listopadu 1835. osnovano istoimeno brod. poduzeće. Sljedeće godine društvo kupuje prve parobrode, preuzima liniju Trst–Venecija te planira širenje na Istru i Dalmaciju. Do 1838., kada je uspostavljena linija Trst–Kotor, Lloyd je nabavio 10 parobroda. God. 1849. osnovan je izdavački odjel, koji je objavljivao dnevne vijesti (Giornale del Lloyd Austriaco), zemljovide i dr., a 1853. osnovano je i brodogradilište u Trstu. Austr. je vlada pomagala poduzeću financ., carinskim, poreznim i dr. olakšicama, ali i diplomacijom, kako bi pospješila njegovo širenje po svj. morima i povećala mu konkurentnost. Lloyd je kao dioničar sudjelovao u otvaranju Sueskoga kanala, te su njegova tri broda bila u prvom konvoju koji je prošao kanalom. God. 1883. izgradio je novu upravnu zgradu na gl. tršćanskom trgu. Na poč. XX. st. Lloydovi su brodovi plovili oko Europe, Afrike, do Azije i Australije. Od svog osnivanja održavao je lokalne, brze i putničko-teretne pruge u Istri i Dalmaciji. U luke na zap. istar. obali (Piran, Umag, Novigrad, Poreč, Rovinj, Fažana, Pula) pristajali su brodovi na putničkim linijama od Trsta prema Malom Lošinju, Rijeci, Zadru, Splitu, Dubrovniku, Kotoru, Draču i dr. odredištima. Tako je, primjerice, 1844. parobrod na jednoj od tjednih pruga polazio iz Trsta u 6 sati, a nakon pristajanja u Piranu, Novigradu, Poreču i Rovinju, stizao u 18 sati u Pulu, odakle je u 22 sata kretao prema Rijeci gdje je dolazio u 6 sati sljedećega jutra. God. 1871. u Istri i Hrvatskom primorju prevezeno je 48 260 putnika. Gotovo polovica svih zapovjednika i časnika palube 1880. bila je iz Dalmacije, Dubrovnika i Boke, a trećina iz Istre i Hrvatskoga primorja. Velik je bio udio ljudi iz tih krajeva i na dužnosti drugoga časnika te među nižim strojarskim i dr. osobljem. Pred I. svj. rat imao je 66 brodova (236000 brt), koji su se u ratu upotrebljavali u vojne svrhe, najviše za prijevoz trupa i kao brodovi-bolnice. Nakon rata preimenovan je u Lloyd Triestino di Navigazione.

LIT.: Lj. Antić, Austrijski Lloyd – najvažniji brodar obalne linijske plovidbe na istočnoj obali Jadrana do 1. svjetskog rata, Historijski zbornik, 1997, 50.

R. Matijašić, I. Duda
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:09:34 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #2 on: June 17, 2012, 03:24:00 PM »


Cigarette Card - Austrian Lloyd Steam Navigation Co

Ogden's Cigarettes.
Flags & Funnels of Leading steamship Lines, 1906
No34 Austrian Lloyd's, Trieste.

, skinuto sa flickr.com
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:09:53 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #3 on: June 19, 2012, 12:30:11 AM »


Stilizirane zastave sa razglednice Austrijskog lloyda,
iz moje kolekcije.
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:10:09 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #4 on: June 22, 2012, 08:53:50 PM »


Plakati Austrijskog Lloyda, skinuti sa naviearmatori.net
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:10:22 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #5 on: June 22, 2012, 11:47:07 PM »


Povijest kompanije skinuto sa homepage.mac.com

When it came to tackling the problem of sailing-ships or steamships early in the 19th century, some people in the Austro-Hungarian Empire realized the great future of steam-navigation. It is due to this recognition that Austrian Lloyd, the biggest and most important shipping company of the Austrian merchant marine, came into being.

1833
Early in the 19th century the mail had to be transported by sailing-ships of the Austrian-Hungarian navy. There were often delays and business tours always took a lot of time. Therefore the foreign competitors became stronger and stronger. Then Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Bruck (8th October 1798 - 23rd April 1860), a merchant from Trieste, had the brilliant idea to found a company for the regular service of a steamship line. To begin with, seven insurance companies of Trieste decided to found a company similar to the London "Lloyd´s". And so in 1833 the "Austrian Lloyd Trieste" was founded.


1836
Within a short time Lloyd gained importance and influence and the direction applied to Emperor Ferdinand I to agree to the original idea of founding a steam-navigation in Levant. Thus on 20th April 1836 the direction was able to order that a second department, namely "steam-navigation", was to be installed next to the already existing department "Trade and Sea Reports". On 2nd August 1836 the general meeting of the second department of Lloyd decided on the building of six steamships. For this reason the year 1836 is the actual year of birth of the steam-navigation company of the Austrian Lloyd.


1837
On 12th April 1837 the first steamship, built in England, arrived in Trieste. Her name was Arciduca Lodovico.


1842
As Lloyd transported mail on all its lines, Ferdinand I granted in December 1842 that the passenger steamships were allowed to fly the post flag and the officers and the crew were allowed to wear uniforms.


1844
In 1844 the "First Danubian Steam-Navigation Company (DDSG)" came to an agreement with Lloyd, in which it was settled that their line via Constantinople to Smyrna passed with all its equipment to the possession of Lloyd.
Already in the year 1844 Lloyd endeavoured to get the permission for the post transport between England and India via Trieste and Alexandria.


1845
In May 1845 the Austrian Lloyd was declared to belong to the postal service of the monarchy.


1848
In May 1848 the company started to build the S.S. Vorwärts and they launched her on 10th April 1849. This name was chosen by the company as their motto, hoping that there would follow another era as profitable as the previous one.


1861
In order to be able to repair its own steamships Lloyd installed its own repair-dock soon after its foundation. After eight years of building, the arsenal was finished in the bay of Servola in 1861.

1865
In 1865 the first steamship that was completely built of iron was launched. Her name was Austria and with 1,700 tons she was the biggest ship of the Lloyd-fleet at the time and she was built exclusively of native material in the Lloyd-arsenal.

1869
At the opening ceremony of the Suez Canal in October 1869 Austrian Lloyd was present with its steamships Pluto, Vulcan and America. Soon after the opening of the Suez Canal the line Trieste-Bombay was started and a weekly service between Trieste and Port Said was installed.

1879
By opening the line to Bombay Lloyd had become a world shipping company and moreover, Lloyd had the chance to take over a part of the East-Asian shipping. Thus the line Trieste-Bombay was extended to Colombo in autumn 1879 and early in 1880 to Singapore and Hong Kong.

1883
Already in 1879 Lloyd decided to build an administration building suitable for the size of the company. The laying of the foundation-stone of the Lloyd-palace was on 6th December 1880 and in 1883 it was already finished. It is situated on one of the most beautiful squares of Trieste and it is still an outstanding sight in Trieste.

1886
On 27th September 1886 the celebrations for the fiftieth anniversary of Lloyd started with the launching of S.S. Imperator. S.S. Imperator really deserved the title of a jubilee steamer because of her size and outfitting. And it certainly was not exaggerated that she was called the most beautiful ship of the Austrian merchant marine so far.

 
In 1886/87 the total number of vessels has been up to 86, the highest number.


1894
By building the twin-screw steamer Graf Wurmbrand and by organizing a new express line Trieste-Cattaro in 1894 a further impulse for tourist traffic in Dalmatia was set. The line to Alexandria was also modernized by building four new express steamers: Habsburg, Bohemia, Cleopatra and Semiramis. This line and the line to Bombay became the most profitable passenger lines of Lloyd and later on.


1907
The setting up of pleasure cruises in 1907 turned out to be a project of lasting value and a big market.

The speed of shipping in Levant was raised and in the overseas service twelve passages to Calcutta were set up, instead of nine. Moreover, the company transferred the headquarters of the administration from Trieste to Vienna, where on 25th May 1907 the first general assembly of Vienna took place.


1909
By enlarging the harbour of Trieste to the Emperor Franz-Josef-Harbour and by finishing the railway across the Alps in 1909 new impulses were set for Lloyd. At the same time internal reforms were effected and for every line the according type of ship was chosen to make a maximum profit at a minimum of expenses. By building the S.S. Gablonz and Marienbad, both were assigned for regular services, Austrian Lloyd advanced into the top of the world shipping companies.

Since the existence of the company the line to Alexandria was the most important and most profitable branch of Lloyd, which could be maintained in spite of international competition. The cuisine was excellent and on board it was so comfortable that many travellers preferred the steamships of Lloyd.

The splitting of shipping and shipbuilding worked out as a good idea. As long as both branches had been in one hand there had always been technical and financial difficulties. This problem was solved by Lloyd by abandoning the Lloyd-arsenal with the exception of the repair dock and the dry docks. A new established limited company, in which Lloyd and Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino had equal shares, took over the shipbuilding yard in San Rocco on condition to build ships not only for the Austrian Lloyd, but also for other customers.


1912
In 1912 Lloyd organized a new express line Trieste-Shanghai. This was one of the last expansions of the lines of the company.

 
1918
At the end of the war, Austrian Lloyd dissolved. On 28th November 1918, after almost 80 years of international reputation as Austrian-Hungarian company, the members of the board of directors resigned their seats because of the changed political conditions. An Italian government commissioner was appointed as a provisional director. World War I had destroyed this flourishing company.


1951
Between the wars Austria had no deep-sea fleet. The history of the Austrian Lloyd reopens in 1951 when the articles of association for the new Austrian Lloyd were drawn up on March7.


1978
In 1978 the Austrian Lloyd bought their first ship, the MS Arlberg, 44,600 tdw, with Vienna as port of registry. Since that time the "Österreichischer Lloyd/Krohn Schiffahrtsgruppe" has shown a constant and rapid increase in their fleet with ships ranging from 3,000 to 120,000 tdw.
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:10:36 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #6 on: June 30, 2012, 05:41:10 PM »


Plakat Austrijskog Lloyda, skinut sa naviearmatori.net
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:10:51 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #7 on: August 29, 2012, 06:00:47 PM »


Izgled / boje zastave i cimunjere, slika iz knjige A. Illustrierter Führer durch Dalmatien (nebst Grado und Istrien) Wien u. Leipzig, 1915.,
skinuto sa facebook-a.
« Last Edit: June 30, 2013, 12:11:05 AM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #8 on: October 31, 2013, 03:50:12 PM »


Austrian Lloyd Istria Guide Book 1901
Oesterreichische Lloyd Egypten 1901
izvor wikipedia

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #9 on: February 12, 2014, 05:31:23 PM »


Oznake kompanije Austrijski Lloyd, scan iz knjige Parobrodi Jadrana na razglednicama.

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #10 on: June 16, 2019, 01:47:21 PM »


Plakat - Austrijski Lloyd, skinuto internet.

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #11 on: June 16, 2019, 01:55:40 PM »


Plakat - Austrijski Lloyd, skinuto internet.
« Last Edit: June 16, 2019, 01:59:39 PM by pp1972 »

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #12 on: July 26, 2019, 07:36:37 AM »


Scan iz knjige Alt Osterreich auf hoher See.

Offline pp1972

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Re: O kompaniji Austrijski Lloyd
« Reply #13 on: August 06, 2019, 04:05:37 PM »


Scan iz knjige Alt Osterreich auf hoher See.

 

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